Jaff Mason (#1) once argue, “Death has no subjective meaning”. This statement only creates panic in between philosophers and non-philosophers and compel them to think on philosophy of death. What is death? Is death personal? Can we consider death a error in quantum programming? When we think, this really smack us without notify. Although, Philosophy of death enlighten a way to immortality especially, when we want to go away from the concept of death and argue what is the actual philosophy on death. In this article, I endeavor to give an essence on philosophy of death.
We live because we understand, this sounds similar like one of the greatest Natural Philosopher, Meta-physician and Mathematician “Rene Descartes” (#2) once said, “Cogito, Ergo Sum” is a Latin philosophical proposition and when translate in English is “I think therefore I am”. This statement manifests his understanding on “Self” (#3) and “Existence”. He took his keen interest in the field of metaphysics where he asked some of the most quintessential arguments including “What is the mark of the truth?”, “What is the actual nature of reality?”, ” Is there a benevolent God?” One of his most typical argument is “How does the human mind acquire knowledge?” That time was the evidence of some of the great thinkers, philosophers, physicists and mathematicians those involve in a theory of universe, perception of mind and death, society amendment and even “Self” (#3) become a hot concept at that time. Rene Descartes was aware of such kind of theories and in early 1630’s, he was aware of William Harvey’s (#4) claim that the blood was circulate in the body. This kind of awareness is only for the understanding of current theories being raised by some of the philosophers at that time.
Rene Descartes was one of those who knew physics as well as mathematics and has significant knowledge on these subjects. He himself contribute in some of the mathematical description of nature and co-discover of sine law of refraction and a developer of a accurate model of rainbow. His intention was to replace all the main parts of Aristotelian (#5) physics. According to him, there is only one matter and it has no active form. He believed there is no void and hence there is no spatial container distinct from matter. He also believed that matter is divisible and what we see this matter in a form of space that constitutes the matter. He was one of those who knew that the planets revolve around the star / sun is not due to gravitational force but due to the fluid medium that rotates like a whirlpool or vortex (#6). Even, he believed that there is not a gravitational field or force that tends the objects to fall on the surface of earth but he is something like a antagonist here, his belief is based on “Whirling Particles” that is surrounded by an ether (#7). We know legendary physicist, (#8) Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was not born at that time when Rene Descartes argued on this kind of statement. This really blow our mind and compels us to think “how does Rene Descartes know his mind so accurately?” Nonetheless, he was the champion on Dualism (#9) where he work on dualism was the influenced of theology (#10) and physics (#11).
But, what is the meaning of Dualism (#9) and how it concomitant with death (#12) ? “Dualism” (#9). In Dualism, we have mind-body problem (#13) that tells us the story behind the separation between mind and body. But, Is really mind-body problem is a unique solution for understanding death? Let’s discuss, how?
(Note: I am discussing only Rene Descartes philosophy on mind, body, self and death. I am not considering his religious belief, scientific break through in this article.)
Mind- body problem is a purification by Rene Descartes as he demonstrated the existence of God and the human body and soul (#14). According to him, “Humans are a union of mind and body and thus give the idea of mind and body that are distinct but still joined closely”. But many contemporary readers didn’t digest this absurd statement and hence felt that this statement is not understood explicitly and difficult to grasp. He also argued on the difference between mind and body and said God is different form humans and also mind and body also are a different concept. In his argument, he said, “mind and body always make the two divisible. “But, mind was indivisible, when I consider the mind or myself in so far I am barely a thinking thing, I am unable to distinguish any part within myself. I understand myself completely single and complete”.
(Note: The above statement is given by Rene Descartes on the basis on his experience)
The above statement manifests the concept of self and also interrelated with some basic aspects of death. For instance, when someone dies consider A (one who dies) and his friend, consider B heard the death of his friend (i.e. A). At the time of death, Person A (who is a friend of A) see and experience the death of his friend (A) but according to him, his friend is no more with him. Here, this is his personal experience. But, for A (friend of B) what he will feel / observe at that moment. Is he in a another dimension or with little aliens that assist him to understand his transcendence? Is this, perhaps not. Here, fiend of B (that is person A) still alive but not according to this physical body, but to his “Self”. “Self” that sounds similar like concept of “Singularity” (#15) in physics and in mathematics. But, probably singularity is a way to define unknown facts about science and mathematics but “self” associates with “Nothing” like concept of “Nihilism” (#16).
The above excerpt shows an exact behavior of time with respect to “self” because when one person A dies, he feels he is not on the planet earth and become one with spatial activity and would never come again. This “Self” is his way to his (person A) own experience as according to person B or other persons, he died and would never come again. He died according to them, but not “they” (Person B and Other Persons). This stipulates the relation between mind, self and death as when one dies, “self” is his own experience and mind becomes one with “self” and what he thinks is nothing, just a thought of his mind that still in a search for ‘self” and when one attains “self” then his thoughts disappear and s / he becomes one with “self” (generally we see in case of “Brahma” (#17) a self-procreation).
This is the first and natural philosophy on death and remains patchy, if not understood clearly.
References (under tags):
#1 Jaff Mason: is a professor at University of London and was a professor in London for 26 years.
#2 Rene Descartes: was a natural philosopher, physicist and mathematician and considerably known for his most typical statement “I think therefore I am”.
#3 Self: is a perception of mind which we can term as a “Self-Procreation” without being destroying or creating.
#4 William Harvey: was an English physician who made seminal to contribute in Anatomy and Physiology.
#5 Aristotle: was an ancient Greek Philosopher, popularly known for his contribution in physics, mathematics, philosophy, art, thinking and many other fields.
#6 Vortex: In fluid dynamics, vortex is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.
#7 Ether: in ancient and medieval science is a material that fills the outer surface of the universe.
#8 Albert Einstein: was considered one of the influential physicist of all time. He is generally known for his contribution in physics especially in the field of Brownian Movement, Mass-Energy Equivalence and his greatest pillars in physics that is General Relativity and Special Relativity.
#9 Dualism: is a concept that describes the mind-body problem and was explicitly describe by Rene Descartes.
#10 Theology: is the study of the nature of the God and religious beliefs.
#11 Physics: is the study of the nature and behavior of matter and energy.
#12 Death: is the cessation of not being in the temporal world.
#13 Mind-Body Problem: was describe by Rene Descartes to clearly show the distinction between mind and body.
#14 Soul: In many religious sacred books, soul is that entity that survives after one’s death.
#15 Singularity: In physics, singularity is a point, where all mathematical laws break and violates many laws and principles.
#16 Nihilism: is the contradiction of all religious beliefs and adhere the concept of meaningless life.
#17 Brahma: is the God in Hinduism that is self-procreation and never ever ends.
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