## Century of Higgs Boson

Nothing in this universe which don’t have its own mass. Yes, this is something like an identity proof of someone who assist one to give his / her identity whether in organization or in department. We have peculiar identities of persons and then we recognize every person’s real identity (except we know few of our acquaintance). Similarly, when we talk on the behavior of particles we are not sure which particles have mass and why it has mass? This seems a weird reality like a statistical calculation of particles (In Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics) but this sounds good if we will move further to determine and understand about particles realm.

As we all know, Higgs Boson is an elementary particle in a standard model of particle physics (Higgs is named after Peter Ware Higgs, English Theoretical Physicist and Boson is named after Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian Theoretical Physicist) In fact, Bose was also renowned for his work with Legendary Physicist Albert Einstein and what we now termed as Bose-Einstein Statistics to find the two classes of particles, and the other are fermions. After this incredible research on statistical particles, Paul Dirac (English Physicist and one of the most influential contributor in quantum mechanics and quantum thermodynamic) coined the term “Boson”.

Satyendra Nath Bose:

Let’s first talk about the contribution of S.N Bose. His was a remarkably astounding as he along with Albert Einstein in early 1920’s gave the foundation of Bose-Einstein Statistics. But what is Bose-Einstein Statistics? Let me introduce you with this concept. Bose-Einstein Statistics is one of the two possible ways in which collection of a  non-interacting indistinguishable particles may occupy a set of available discrete energy state, a thermodynamic equilibrium (A state where there is no macroscopic flow of energy)

(Note: Flow here is a mathematical term which means particles are in motion in a fluid)

In Bose-Einstein Statistics, they do not obey the Pauli Exclusion Principle and hence particles have integer value of spin and named Boson after being correctly describe their statistics.

((Remember: Pauli Exclusion Principle tells that it is impossible for an electron of a poly-electron atom have the same values of the four quantum numbers that are “Principal Quantum Numbers”, Magnetic Quantum Numbers”, Angular Quantum Numbers and Spin Quantum Number”. All are denoted as n, m (l), l and m(s) [m(l) and m(s), l and s both are the subscript of m]))\

Fig.1:

The above diagram illustrates the disordered system in which slow particles mix together. As you see in first box / container. The barrier divides the two different chamber A and B, but when barrier is certainly break than particles inside A transcends through this barrier and mix along with particles inside chamber B and also particles in chamber B mix along with particle inside chamber A.

This shows the Thermodynamic Kinetic Theory of Statistical Mechanics and then Bose-Einstein gave the Condensation theory. This condensation theory is called Bose-Einstein Condensate of photons. See below diagram for explicit information about BEC (Bose-Einstein Condensation):

Fig.2:

The above is the diagram that manifests how Bose-Einstein Condensation works at “Absolute Zero” (A point where a fundamental particles of nature have minimal vibrational motion, retaining only quantum mechanical “Zero-point energy” where motion of particles are genuine.

(Note: Zero-point energy is a lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical system have).

Peter Ware Higgs:

However, this is a Bose’s realm where he played with particles world and also their complex classifications. But when we talk about Peter Ware Higgs, he is renowned for his theory on broken symmetry in electroweak theory (the unified the two of the four fundamental particles that are electromagnetism and weak interaction) could explain the origin of a mass of elementary particles and later describe as W and Z Bosons in peculiar. But, when we talk about symmetry we are curious to know what is broken symmetry? Broken symmetry is an infinitesimally a fluctuation acting on a system crossing a critical point (that is two ends of an equilibrium ends) decided a system fate by determining which bifurcation is taken. Interestingly, we cannot observe this fluctuations and hence this process is called fluctuation breaking (See the below diagram):

Fig.3:

Symmetry breaking is very useful to play its role in symmetry pattern. After this symmetry breaking theory,  it’s named alter “Higgs Mechanism”. On 14 March 2013, the newly particle but tentatively confirmed a + parity and a zero spin. However, Higgs mechanism is accepted as an important ingredient for Standard Model of particle physics (where without any particles with no mass). Then this journey begins and what we today called a CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva midst Franco-Swiss Border) first suspected to be exist in 1960’s where collision of the protons as seen in diagram below:

Fig.4:

In this experiment, researcher endeavor to find an answer of the complex question and that is “Why fundamental particles have mass?” But its little excerpt was seen in 2012, when CERN researchers announces a discovery of a new particles and what they called “Higgs Boson” (where some predicted this is God particle). But how one can understand the Higgs Boson Fields or mass? Let’s see in the diagram below:

Fig.5:

Image Source: Google Images  (Note: Only for scientific purpose only)

The above diagram manifests how Higgs mass describes the “Field” and this “Field” is responsible for mass. Suppose some people organize a party where men and women both are invited. On that day, when all people are enjoying a party suddenly a beautiful lady enters in the party hall and some men get attracted to this lady and surround her where some are still have a little glimpse of this lady. Here one notice when lady enters in room she was alone and no body with her but when attracted by some men she gets a company. Suppose she is a particle and other men are “Field” and when particles get in touch with this “Field” it receives mass depends on “Field”. Though, I am not sure on this excerpt and also on Higgs Mass because it seems this is a little journey for particles not forever.

Higgs Boson is a living exemplary of modern modal of standard physics that shows how one understand universe not in a physical behavior but in a quantum behavior (Still uncertainty retains its glory). Hope, this experiment will lead us to that future that already exist without harming or dis the prescribed fundamental laws and principles.

For further quotes and Information on Space time.

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## Quantum Technology: 0369

Sometimes, we become our own creators and some pervert yourself especially in the field of technology. Yes, it is a sturdy revolution in today’s world where found ourselves inside meek snowball. We all speculate the radical conception of nano technology, old technology and ancient technology. But somewhere, we are unable to evolve our thoughts, so as to become a pattern for us in near future. We are diametrically opposed the views of quantum technology and ancient technology. Whether you reconcile the concept of quantum technology with ancient technology or just wait for its long term gasp.

Our mental stability wants to acquire the philosophy of quantum technology and this might definitely be a part of our own thoughts. Though, we also need some pragmatic solution of quantum technology. However, we are in a era of quantum technology where we explore many unpredictable things whether in a field of science, medical, astronomy, space, education, engineering, cosmology and others. Quantum technology becomes a part in various useful stuff and we need its presence without being dubious. So, when we are talking about the implications of quantum technology then “What is Quantum Technology?”. Is this a beneficial for us or just a hoax? Perhaps, a device with quantum stimulate or a perception of known things, really ubiquitous in material world. The legitimate our physical body never grant us a definite proposition and we found ourselves in a phenomenal world. Disparity between ancient technology and nano technology give rise to quantum technology. And further, we have another diversity of quantum technology and found in our universe (A Giant Quantum Information).

However, if we say what actually is quantum technology we have a little but a secure thought and that is the difference between our old technologies. This concept leads us to the point of “information of quantum universe”, will underneath the quiet subject of “Cosmogony”. In Cosmogony, we study the origin of the universe, a well accommodated universe with certain and uncertain laws. Well, when we are in a cosmogony we have to be wary about the existence lf the universe and hence a quantum reality behind its existence. As we know, we had a “Big Bang” and then we still know our universe as a river flows. At least it explicit our thoughts but not, we want to understand. Universe itself is quantum entangled information, doesn’t need any second theory for its long term journey. The cause of existence merely depends on quantum information of time and time always remain same everywhere as it seems there are lot of information inside universe and what we say universe itself is quantum information.

Since from the existence of universe, we are able to understand its inflation and this inflation is directly proportional to the information that resides inside every single particle of universe. Quantum information seems as we have well structured design of universe that had been designed in such a way where we detect its cause of inflation. We can’t say we have quantum era or quantum applications because universe itself is quantum information and suffuses itself with well defined language of space. That language is in code something like computer programming. But “who is the programmer still an enigma? ” Even particles are responsible for some weirder part of universe and hence space. We have geometrical as well as quantum particles that creates a big difference between cause and existence of universe. Every single particles have little quantum information as we can say particles are “quantum carriers”.

Quantum Carriers are nevertheless a part of space and space even is a “self-procreation”, perhaps this term is not understandable here because of recent technologies in science, but still we are confident to ensure our place in entire universe is like a existence of universe in weird space at least for some little cause.

Universe is like an art where artist knows the colors to nourish its elegance. Once said by Sir Nikola Tesla, “369 these numbers are the building block of universe and if we go profoundly inside these numbers we will find a door to weird universe”. However, I mention “0369” because of the cause behind “Oscillating Universe” that might repeat itself on regular basis,whatsoever.

When talk on “Oscillating Universe” we have oscillating i.e. repetition of quantum information that leads a way to quantum oscillating universe. Infinity even struggles for its existence if it never reaches its certain well defined state.

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## Envisage

………………………………………………………………===========…………………………………………………………….

Well, an enigma and a little information about existence of space. But, what’s your opinion about the existence of space, Shru.

I am not sure, but I heard a team of astronomer had been in search beyond space.

“Is there any proposition on this weird topic?”, says Sumit.

Shru says, “Perhaps, there is something absurd search on that research.”

“Infinite spaces, a concept that may violates singularity”, replies Shru.

“I am looking for the research that is looking surreal for us and some fundamental laws being violate the property of geometry even we understand it explicitly”, says Sumit.

She says, “They are still trying to find us as we are like an excerpt for them.”

“Our past engineers, somewhere they exist but still lost their way, our astronomers are fortunate to have a first ride for search beyond space”, replies Shru.

“Some viewers say, astronomers are at the verge of space where they believe entire space is a quantum particle that itself packed in our hands, may be this is literally a weird information  but seems it really happen”, says Sumit.

Sumit replies, “It’s not me, some news channels are talking on this concept as they get information from our astronomers”.

“But, how’s this possible?”, asks Shru.

“Even our universe’s beginning is an enigma, no one knows how it began except, if we include the concept of big bang”, replies Sumit.

So, this is the way for astronomers to understand the nature of beginning, says Shru.

Perhaps, this is. But astronomers are sure they are fetching more information about space and yet trying to know what is beyond space, says Sumit.

“Some believe there are infinite spaces like multi-verse, yes this seems an absurd concept, but this might happen if astronomers find a way beyond space”, says Shru.

“See, they find a way beyond space, this is one of the best live telecasts on TV”, says Sumit.

“But, something happening there, they lose their way, see”, says Shru.

“Why this kind of uncertainty happening there, where are they?”, says Sumit.

“Lost their way, nevertheless are trying to contact with us, but they disappear”.

“This specifies something exists beyond space, just like black holes, a singularity”, says Sumit.

“They disappear, a reason that still has lots of possibilities. A quantum space that strikes with other entity”, says Shru.

But, what is that entity?” asks Sumit.

“May they know their journey aptly”, replies Shru.

“Some technologies remain static for us as we are not sure about their real existence”, says Sumit.

“This is because our technology especially beyond our limits is just an imagination and what we consider it a hypothesis.  Today, we have a possibility to know and see what exist beyond space, shatter everything even our hopes”, says Shru.

“They use the fields of gravitational waves so as to attain their targets, but unfortunately they wouldn’t attain this”, says Sumit.

“Something happening there”, says Shru.

“Are they trying to create their own little universe there?”, asks Sumit.

“Yes, they are doing this riddle”, replies Shru.

“But, still they find a problem as this is not the right way to make a universe and begin its journey like our universe. They make a quantum particle then able to find its velocity and also assist them to solve the riddle behind universe expansion. Who assists universe to expand in such a way is still a paradox?”, says Sumit.

“How they made this quantum particle, they are not a creator?”, asks Shru.

“May be, they understand quantum space explicitly and have a probability to give a birth of little universe, but what matter here is they have had such kind of technology that makes a path for them. As our current technology is sufficient to make a little universe but is not natural like ours”, says Sumit.

“Well, we also are a part of this nature and so we have a better prospect to make a little universe in this quantum space”, says Shru.

“It’s not difficult, but a challenge for astronomers to do this, an artificial universe for us but quite a natural event”, says Sumit.

“We are in a quantum space that creates its identical images. A part of quantum tunneling that unlikely to pass through some material barrier. But beyond space, some possibilities put a real challenge for astronomers and that are self creating particles, and that medium where every spaces reside, almost an unimaginable concept, at least for this moment”, says Shru.

“Don’t worry, we will have a way for that also but now we are unable to understand the new possibilities that seem we are not surmounting our current technology”, says Sumit.

Suddenly, news comes and Shru says, “Astronomers successfully make a new universe”.

“A well defined demonstration on how to make our own universe, this is incredible. This is really a new beginning and a creative step towards new journey beyond space where have a probability to make universe”, says Sumit.

Hard to imagine, but this is. Let’s see what will happen next……………………

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## Philosophy of Death (Part-I)

Jaff Mason (#1) once argue, “Death has no subjective meaning”. This statement only creates panic in between philosophers and non-philosophers and compel them to think on philosophy of death. What is death? Is death personal? Can we consider death a error in quantum programming? When we think, this really smack us without notify. Although, Philosophy of death enlighten a way to immortality especially, when we want to go away from the concept of death and argue what is the actual philosophy on death. In this article, I endeavor to give an essence on philosophy of death.

We live because we understand, this sounds similar like one of the greatest Natural Philosopher, Meta-physician and Mathematician “Rene Descartes” (#2) once said, “Cogito, Ergo Sum” is a Latin philosophical  proposition  and when translate in English  is “I think therefore I am”. This statement manifests his understanding on “Self” (#3) and “Existence”. He took his keen interest in the field of metaphysics where he asked some of the most quintessential arguments including “What is the mark of the truth?”, “What is the actual nature of reality?”, ” Is there a benevolent God?” One of his most typical argument is “How does the human mind acquire knowledge?”   That time was the evidence of some of the great thinkers, philosophers, physicists and mathematicians those involve in a theory of universe, perception of mind and death, society amendment and even “Self” (#3) become a hot concept at that time. Rene Descartes was aware of such kind of theories and in early 1630’s, he was aware of William Harvey’s (#4) claim that the blood was circulate in the body. This kind of awareness is only for the understanding of current theories being raised by some of the philosophers at that time.

Rene Descartes was one of those who knew physics as well as mathematics and has significant knowledge on these subjects. He himself contribute in some of the mathematical description of nature and co-discover of sine law of refraction and a developer of a accurate model of rainbow. His intention was to replace all the main parts of Aristotelian (#5) physics. According to him, there is only one matter and it has no active form. He believed there is no void and hence there is no spatial container distinct from matter. He also believed that matter is divisible and what we see this matter in a form of space that constitutes the matter. He was one of those who knew that the planets revolve around the star / sun is not due to gravitational force but due to the fluid medium that rotates like a whirlpool or vortex (#6). Even, he believed that there is not a gravitational field or force that tends the objects to fall on the surface of earth but he is something like a antagonist here, his belief is based on “Whirling Particles” that is surrounded by an ether (#7). We know legendary physicist, (#8) Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was not born at that time when Rene Descartes argued on this kind of statement. This really blow our mind and compels us to think “how does Rene Descartes know his mind so accurately?” Nonetheless, he was the champion on Dualism (#9) where he work on dualism was the influenced of theology (#10) and physics (#11).

But, what is the meaning of Dualism (#9) and how it concomitant with death (#12) ? “Dualism” (#9). In Dualism, we have mind-body problem (#13) that tells us the story behind the separation between mind and body. But, Is really mind-body problem is a unique solution for understanding death? Let’s discuss, how?

(Note: I am discussing only Rene Descartes philosophy on mind, body, self and death. I am not considering his religious belief, scientific break through in this article.)

Mind- body problem is a purification by Rene Descartes as he demonstrated the existence of God and the human body and soul (#14). According to him, “Humans are a union of mind and body and thus give the idea of mind and body that are distinct but still joined closely”. But many contemporary readers didn’t digest this absurd statement and hence felt that this statement is not understood explicitly and difficult to grasp. He also argued on the difference between mind and body and said God is different form humans and also mind and body also are a different concept. In his argument, he said, “mind and body always make the two divisible. “But, mind was indivisible, when I consider the mind or myself  in so far I am barely a thinking thing, I am unable to distinguish any part within myself. I understand myself completely single and complete”.

(Note: The above statement is given by Rene Descartes on the basis on his experience)

The above statement manifests the concept of self and also interrelated with some basic aspects of death. For instance, when someone dies consider A (one who dies) and his friend, consider B heard the death of his friend (i.e. A). At the time of death, Person A (who is a friend of A) see and experience the death of his friend (A) but according to him, his friend is no more with him. Here, this is his personal experience. But, for A (friend of B) what he will feel / observe at that moment. Is he in a another dimension or with little aliens that assist him to understand his transcendence? Is this, perhaps not. Here, fiend of B (that is person A) still alive but not according to this physical body, but to his “Self”. “Self” that sounds similar like concept of  “Singularity” (#15) in physics and in mathematics. But, probably singularity is a way to define unknown facts about science and mathematics but “self” associates with “Nothing” like concept of “Nihilism” (#16).

The above excerpt shows an exact behavior of time with respect to “self” because when one person A dies, he feels he is not on the planet earth and become one with spatial activity and would never come again. This “Self” is his way to his (person A) own experience as according to person B or other persons, he died and would never come again. He died according to them, but not “they” (Person B and Other Persons). This stipulates the relation between mind, self and death as when one dies, “self” is his own experience and mind becomes one with “self” and what he thinks is nothing, just a thought of his mind that still in a search for ‘self” and when one attains “self” then his thoughts disappear and s / he becomes one with “self” (generally we see in case of “Brahma” (#17) a self-procreation).

This is the first and natural philosophy on death and remains patchy, if not understood clearly.

References (under tags):

#1 Jaff Mason: is a professor at University of London and was a professor in London for 26 years.

#2 Rene Descartes: was a natural philosopher, physicist and mathematician and considerably known for his most typical statement “I think therefore I am”.

#3 Self: is a perception of mind which we can term as a “Self-Procreation” without being destroying or creating.

#4 William Harvey: was an English physician who made seminal to contribute in Anatomy and Physiology.

#5 Aristotle: was an ancient Greek Philosopher, popularly known for his contribution in  physics, mathematics, philosophy, art, thinking and many other fields.

#6 Vortex: In fluid dynamics, vortex is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.

#7 Ether: in ancient and medieval science is a material that fills the outer surface of the universe.

#8 Albert Einstein: was considered one of the influential physicist of all time. He is generally known for his contribution in physics especially in the field of Brownian Movement, Mass-Energy Equivalence and his greatest pillars in physics that is General Relativity and Special Relativity.

#9 Dualism: is a concept that describes the mind-body problem and was explicitly describe by Rene Descartes.

#10 Theology: is the study of the nature of the God and religious beliefs.

#11 Physics: is the study of the nature and behavior of matter and energy.

#12 Death: is the cessation of not being in the temporal world.

#13 Mind-Body Problem: was describe by Rene Descartes to clearly show the distinction between mind and body.

#14 Soul: In many religious sacred books, soul is that entity that survives after one’s death.

#15 Singularity: In physics, singularity is a point, where all mathematical laws break and violates many laws and principles.

#16 Nihilism: is the contradiction of all religious beliefs and adhere the concept of meaningless life.

#17  Brahma: is the God in Hinduism that is self-procreation and never ever ends.

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## Space And Mind

We know space and mind are the two different entities and their existence, cause is just a perplex concept that only reside inside darkness (whatever you consider space). In some perspective, mind is a cause and space is its existence that we all observe in physical as well as in astral world.

However, our perception about space is limited but yes, we imagine space is a big platform for different events and when we talk about mind, most of us believe it is static and nothing else where thoughts build like a world of uncertainty. But, we forget there is something that muddles our perception and what is that thing?

We all know space we observe is not limited and thence of uncertain laws and principles. We all know space is a transcendental behavior of nature. For science, it is a dimensional perception and for spiritualism, it is a mind’s perception. Here, our experience manifests our limits and what we relate it with mind. Mind itself is a certain limit but we never understand our mind’s limit because we are in a material world.

For instance, when you think space is a three-dimensional world then you satisfy with your statement but when you imagine space is nothing but a quantum entity you wary on your statement and have little suspicion on it. Here, we see we have an experience of mind and mind itself experience a new sort of activity whether one believe it is beyond perception or not.

Space, on the other hand is a way to describe mind where mind observes everything but space represents its image in front of mind as it is well-defined object and what mind thinks is already exist in it  (space). We notice, mind is dependent not space. And we know space is also relative to time then time especially for mind is an enigma and is like a flow of certain waves and what we say day, month, years, decades and centuries.  Here, perception and science works together but differently.

However, mind is a candid form of subtle proposition but when understand it explicitly, it becomes a subject of perception that never ends even if space lost its glory somewhere in near future. Space, although is a part of some weird fundamental definitions where laws and principles are related with each other and there is nothing exist beyond it (at least for our present technology and our current vision) then there is an absurd existence for us and this would definitely compel us to think the power of mind and know its limit that space grants.

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com