## Century of Higgs Boson

Nothing in this universe which don’t have its own mass. Yes, this is something like an identity proof of someone who assist one to give his / her identity whether in organization or in department. We have peculiar identities of persons and then we recognize every person’s real identity (except we know few of our acquaintance). Similarly, when we talk on the behavior of particles we are not sure which particles have mass and why it has mass? This seems a weird reality like a statistical calculation of particles (In Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics) but this sounds good if we will move further to determine and understand about particles realm.

As we all know, Higgs Boson is an elementary particle in a standard model of particle physics (Higgs is named after Peter Ware Higgs, English Theoretical Physicist and Boson is named after Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian Theoretical Physicist) In fact, Bose was also renowned for his work with Legendary Physicist Albert Einstein and what we now termed as Bose-Einstein Statistics to find the two classes of particles, and the other are fermions. After this incredible research on statistical particles, Paul Dirac (English Physicist and one of the most influential contributor in quantum mechanics and quantum thermodynamic) coined the term “Boson”.

Satyendra Nath Bose:

Let’s first talk about the contribution of S.N Bose. His was a remarkably astounding as he along with Albert Einstein in early 1920’s gave the foundation of Bose-Einstein Statistics. But what is Bose-Einstein Statistics? Let me introduce you with this concept. Bose-Einstein Statistics is one of the two possible ways in which collection of a  non-interacting indistinguishable particles may occupy a set of available discrete energy state, a thermodynamic equilibrium (A state where there is no macroscopic flow of energy)

(Note: Flow here is a mathematical term which means particles are in motion in a fluid)

In Bose-Einstein Statistics, they do not obey the Pauli Exclusion Principle and hence particles have integer value of spin and named Boson after being correctly describe their statistics.

((Remember: Pauli Exclusion Principle tells that it is impossible for an electron of a poly-electron atom have the same values of the four quantum numbers that are “Principal Quantum Numbers”, Magnetic Quantum Numbers”, Angular Quantum Numbers and Spin Quantum Number”. All are denoted as n, m (l), l and m(s) [m(l) and m(s), l and s both are the subscript of m]))\

Fig.1:

The above diagram illustrates the disordered system in which slow particles mix together. As you see in first box / container. The barrier divides the two different chamber A and B, but when barrier is certainly break than particles inside A transcends through this barrier and mix along with particles inside chamber B and also particles in chamber B mix along with particle inside chamber A.

This shows the Thermodynamic Kinetic Theory of Statistical Mechanics and then Bose-Einstein gave the Condensation theory. This condensation theory is called Bose-Einstein Condensate of photons. See below diagram for explicit information about BEC (Bose-Einstein Condensation):

Fig.2:

The above is the diagram that manifests how Bose-Einstein Condensation works at “Absolute Zero” (A point where a fundamental particles of nature have minimal vibrational motion, retaining only quantum mechanical “Zero-point energy” where motion of particles are genuine.

(Note: Zero-point energy is a lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical system have).

Peter Ware Higgs:

However, this is a Bose’s realm where he played with particles world and also their complex classifications. But when we talk about Peter Ware Higgs, he is renowned for his theory on broken symmetry in electroweak theory (the unified the two of the four fundamental particles that are electromagnetism and weak interaction) could explain the origin of a mass of elementary particles and later describe as W and Z Bosons in peculiar. But, when we talk about symmetry we are curious to know what is broken symmetry? Broken symmetry is an infinitesimally a fluctuation acting on a system crossing a critical point (that is two ends of an equilibrium ends) decided a system fate by determining which bifurcation is taken. Interestingly, we cannot observe this fluctuations and hence this process is called fluctuation breaking (See the below diagram):

Fig.3:

Symmetry breaking is very useful to play its role in symmetry pattern. After this symmetry breaking theory,  it’s named alter “Higgs Mechanism”. On 14 March 2013, the newly particle but tentatively confirmed a + parity and a zero spin. However, Higgs mechanism is accepted as an important ingredient for Standard Model of particle physics (where without any particles with no mass). Then this journey begins and what we today called a CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva midst Franco-Swiss Border) first suspected to be exist in 1960’s where collision of the protons as seen in diagram below:

Fig.4:

In this experiment, researcher endeavor to find an answer of the complex question and that is “Why fundamental particles have mass?” But its little excerpt was seen in 2012, when CERN researchers announces a discovery of a new particles and what they called “Higgs Boson” (where some predicted this is God particle). But how one can understand the Higgs Boson Fields or mass? Let’s see in the diagram below:

Fig.5:

Image Source: Google Images  (Note: Only for scientific purpose only)

The above diagram manifests how Higgs mass describes the “Field” and this “Field” is responsible for mass. Suppose some people organize a party where men and women both are invited. On that day, when all people are enjoying a party suddenly a beautiful lady enters in the party hall and some men get attracted to this lady and surround her where some are still have a little glimpse of this lady. Here one notice when lady enters in room she was alone and no body with her but when attracted by some men she gets a company. Suppose she is a particle and other men are “Field” and when particles get in touch with this “Field” it receives mass depends on “Field”. Though, I am not sure on this excerpt and also on Higgs Mass because it seems this is a little journey for particles not forever.

Higgs Boson is a living exemplary of modern modal of standard physics that shows how one understand universe not in a physical behavior but in a quantum behavior (Still uncertainty retains its glory). Hope, this experiment will lead us to that future that already exist without harming or dis the prescribed fundamental laws and principles.

For further quotes and Information on Space time.

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## Philosophy of Death (Part-I)

Jaff Mason (#1) once argue, “Death has no subjective meaning”. This statement only creates panic in between philosophers and non-philosophers and compel them to think on philosophy of death. What is death? Is death personal? Can we consider death a error in quantum programming? When we think, this really smack us without notify. Although, Philosophy of death enlighten a way to immortality especially, when we want to go away from the concept of death and argue what is the actual philosophy on death. In this article, I endeavor to give an essence on philosophy of death.

We live because we understand, this sounds similar like one of the greatest Natural Philosopher, Meta-physician and Mathematician “Rene Descartes” (#2) once said, “Cogito, Ergo Sum” is a Latin philosophical  proposition  and when translate in English  is “I think therefore I am”. This statement manifests his understanding on “Self” (#3) and “Existence”. He took his keen interest in the field of metaphysics where he asked some of the most quintessential arguments including “What is the mark of the truth?”, “What is the actual nature of reality?”, ” Is there a benevolent God?” One of his most typical argument is “How does the human mind acquire knowledge?”   That time was the evidence of some of the great thinkers, philosophers, physicists and mathematicians those involve in a theory of universe, perception of mind and death, society amendment and even “Self” (#3) become a hot concept at that time. Rene Descartes was aware of such kind of theories and in early 1630’s, he was aware of William Harvey’s (#4) claim that the blood was circulate in the body. This kind of awareness is only for the understanding of current theories being raised by some of the philosophers at that time.

Rene Descartes was one of those who knew physics as well as mathematics and has significant knowledge on these subjects. He himself contribute in some of the mathematical description of nature and co-discover of sine law of refraction and a developer of a accurate model of rainbow. His intention was to replace all the main parts of Aristotelian (#5) physics. According to him, there is only one matter and it has no active form. He believed there is no void and hence there is no spatial container distinct from matter. He also believed that matter is divisible and what we see this matter in a form of space that constitutes the matter. He was one of those who knew that the planets revolve around the star / sun is not due to gravitational force but due to the fluid medium that rotates like a whirlpool or vortex (#6). Even, he believed that there is not a gravitational field or force that tends the objects to fall on the surface of earth but he is something like a antagonist here, his belief is based on “Whirling Particles” that is surrounded by an ether (#7). We know legendary physicist, (#8) Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was not born at that time when Rene Descartes argued on this kind of statement. This really blow our mind and compels us to think “how does Rene Descartes know his mind so accurately?” Nonetheless, he was the champion on Dualism (#9) where he work on dualism was the influenced of theology (#10) and physics (#11).

But, what is the meaning of Dualism (#9) and how it concomitant with death (#12) ? “Dualism” (#9). In Dualism, we have mind-body problem (#13) that tells us the story behind the separation between mind and body. But, Is really mind-body problem is a unique solution for understanding death? Let’s discuss, how?

(Note: I am discussing only Rene Descartes philosophy on mind, body, self and death. I am not considering his religious belief, scientific break through in this article.)

Mind- body problem is a purification by Rene Descartes as he demonstrated the existence of God and the human body and soul (#14). According to him, “Humans are a union of mind and body and thus give the idea of mind and body that are distinct but still joined closely”. But many contemporary readers didn’t digest this absurd statement and hence felt that this statement is not understood explicitly and difficult to grasp. He also argued on the difference between mind and body and said God is different form humans and also mind and body also are a different concept. In his argument, he said, “mind and body always make the two divisible. “But, mind was indivisible, when I consider the mind or myself  in so far I am barely a thinking thing, I am unable to distinguish any part within myself. I understand myself completely single and complete”.

(Note: The above statement is given by Rene Descartes on the basis on his experience)

The above statement manifests the concept of self and also interrelated with some basic aspects of death. For instance, when someone dies consider A (one who dies) and his friend, consider B heard the death of his friend (i.e. A). At the time of death, Person A (who is a friend of A) see and experience the death of his friend (A) but according to him, his friend is no more with him. Here, this is his personal experience. But, for A (friend of B) what he will feel / observe at that moment. Is he in a another dimension or with little aliens that assist him to understand his transcendence? Is this, perhaps not. Here, fiend of B (that is person A) still alive but not according to this physical body, but to his “Self”. “Self” that sounds similar like concept of  “Singularity” (#15) in physics and in mathematics. But, probably singularity is a way to define unknown facts about science and mathematics but “self” associates with “Nothing” like concept of “Nihilism” (#16).

The above excerpt shows an exact behavior of time with respect to “self” because when one person A dies, he feels he is not on the planet earth and become one with spatial activity and would never come again. This “Self” is his way to his (person A) own experience as according to person B or other persons, he died and would never come again. He died according to them, but not “they” (Person B and Other Persons). This stipulates the relation between mind, self and death as when one dies, “self” is his own experience and mind becomes one with “self” and what he thinks is nothing, just a thought of his mind that still in a search for ‘self” and when one attains “self” then his thoughts disappear and s / he becomes one with “self” (generally we see in case of “Brahma” (#17) a self-procreation).

This is the first and natural philosophy on death and remains patchy, if not understood clearly.

References (under tags):

#1 Jaff Mason: is a professor at University of London and was a professor in London for 26 years.

#2 Rene Descartes: was a natural philosopher, physicist and mathematician and considerably known for his most typical statement “I think therefore I am”.

#3 Self: is a perception of mind which we can term as a “Self-Procreation” without being destroying or creating.

#4 William Harvey: was an English physician who made seminal to contribute in Anatomy and Physiology.

#5 Aristotle: was an ancient Greek Philosopher, popularly known for his contribution in  physics, mathematics, philosophy, art, thinking and many other fields.

#6 Vortex: In fluid dynamics, vortex is a region in a fluid in which the flow revolves around an axis line, which may be straight or curved.

#7 Ether: in ancient and medieval science is a material that fills the outer surface of the universe.

#8 Albert Einstein: was considered one of the influential physicist of all time. He is generally known for his contribution in physics especially in the field of Brownian Movement, Mass-Energy Equivalence and his greatest pillars in physics that is General Relativity and Special Relativity.

#9 Dualism: is a concept that describes the mind-body problem and was explicitly describe by Rene Descartes.

#10 Theology: is the study of the nature of the God and religious beliefs.

#11 Physics: is the study of the nature and behavior of matter and energy.

#12 Death: is the cessation of not being in the temporal world.

#13 Mind-Body Problem: was describe by Rene Descartes to clearly show the distinction between mind and body.

#14 Soul: In many religious sacred books, soul is that entity that survives after one’s death.

#15 Singularity: In physics, singularity is a point, where all mathematical laws break and violates many laws and principles.

#16 Nihilism: is the contradiction of all religious beliefs and adhere the concept of meaningless life.

#17  Brahma: is the God in Hinduism that is self-procreation and never ever ends.

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## Space And Mind

We know space and mind are the two different entities and their existence, cause is just a perplex concept that only reside inside darkness (whatever you consider space). In some perspective, mind is a cause and space is its existence that we all observe in physical as well as in astral world.

However, our perception about space is limited but yes, we imagine space is a big platform for different events and when we talk about mind, most of us believe it is static and nothing else where thoughts build like a world of uncertainty. But, we forget there is something that muddles our perception and what is that thing?

We all know space we observe is not limited and thence of uncertain laws and principles. We all know space is a transcendental behavior of nature. For science, it is a dimensional perception and for spiritualism, it is a mind’s perception. Here, our experience manifests our limits and what we relate it with mind. Mind itself is a certain limit but we never understand our mind’s limit because we are in a material world.

For instance, when you think space is a three-dimensional world then you satisfy with your statement but when you imagine space is nothing but a quantum entity you wary on your statement and have little suspicion on it. Here, we see we have an experience of mind and mind itself experience a new sort of activity whether one believe it is beyond perception or not.

Space, on the other hand is a way to describe mind where mind observes everything but space represents its image in front of mind as it is well-defined object and what mind thinks is already exist in it  (space). We notice, mind is dependent not space. And we know space is also relative to time then time especially for mind is an enigma and is like a flow of certain waves and what we say day, month, years, decades and centuries.  Here, perception and science works together but differently.

However, mind is a candid form of subtle proposition but when understand it explicitly, it becomes a subject of perception that never ends even if space lost its glory somewhere in near future. Space, although is a part of some weird fundamental definitions where laws and principles are related with each other and there is nothing exist beyond it (at least for our present technology and our current vision) then there is an absurd existence for us and this would definitely compel us to think the power of mind and know its limit that space grants.

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## Parallelism: (Artificial Mind Or Natural Mind)

In today’s world, our thoughts become so candid for us to think whatever we want to think and there is no bounded limitations that trap us in a small corner, full of mystic darkness. In materialism, we are becoming our own foe. Somewhere, we criticize our technology for this and think this what would happen is not the real destiny for our future generation but are a curse that made by us (a present generation). Although, sometimes, material world exasperate us and sometimes we ourselves become our rivalries especially in case of mind where we scold mind for its (mind-body problem), a way to have emotions, feelings, joy, happiness, thoughts, pain and many other material things.

In this article, I am discussing about parallelism about mind which means, mind really needs artificial or material parallelism. First, we have to wary about the world of immortality that never ends (sounds like we are our self creator). Immortality never define itself, it expands without alarming others because we need immortality not immortality needs us. Why I discuss this short essence and what is the motive behind this essence? Immortality connects with some of our basic aspects of mind as thoughts inside our mind are always well defined as there is no need to be self-centered because mind is well defined object that perceive things and then implement on these things, no matters how many tasks you have, mind do it explicitly. But, when in case of imagination we have a little immortality that makes us alive in a world of darkness and it (imagination) assists us to flow everywhere even in a flock of weird stars.

(Note: Here immortality does not mean, one never dies but this is a definition related to our mind’s limits)

Well, this kind of immortality is vary according to some mathematical laws ( at least for some laws that binds our own universe). But, how is this possible mathematical laws vary according to immortality and vice-versa? You can find this surreal reason in our profound mystery of space time. We know space time is interrelated with each other and there is nothing that argue, space time is independent concept rather than dependent. As you observe here, space time is a mathematical proposition where everything reside even time flows according to space and space has its right path according to time. But, here space time is a unique or say a singular perception for us because beyond this we know something exists but what, we don’t know. However, this perception leads us on the path of immortality where we think whether we know, we don’t have sufficient experiments or proof about existence of something beyond space but we imagine according to immortality that already defined according to space or something that exists beyond space and this all happens with the help of mind. If so, will happen in near future.

(Note: Everything in this entire space or in universe is well defined)

Above statement manifests, how mind and space is different concept but work exactly like time and space, nevertheless, a transformation of information and quantum medium. Here an excerpt, “What you think, you become”, this is the common perception by various Philosophers, Saints, Peoples and many of us also believe on this perception.

But, what exactly this perception / statement tries to describe is our basic understanding about space time and our own destination we build, whatsoever, we have in our life-like material things and some material happiness but still we feel, we are not secure because our mind have never this kind of information at that time, perhaps as your fortunate is responsible for this or your charming stars depends on your material environment. Parallelism, however, defines how one is dependent on space time with respect to your mind as there is no time for us (and some of us still believe time never exists) but for space it a medium not its buddy-tail.

This all is parallelism that shatters our mind somewhere, but somewhere it cherished our world with some little joy and fruitful journey of life that never ever ends.

## “NEVER STOP UNTIL YOU UNDERSTAND YOUR SELF”

https://sunnyspace2.blogspot.in

https://creativespacetime.tumblr.com

## A LITTLE WORLD

A SHORT POEM ON “A LITTLE WORLD”.

A LITTLE WORLD,

STILL AN UNCERTAINTY,

A HOPE FOR WEIRD MYSTERY,

A GIANT REALM.

SOMEWHERE, A LITTLE IMAGINATION,

A HARD FIGHT,

NEVER LET DOWN,

A HOPE OF ETERNITY.